Gold’s name in other languages!

  • Latin: Aurum
  • Czech: Zlato
  • Croatian: Zlato
  • French: Or
  • German: Gold – s
  • Italian: Oro
  • Norwegian: Gull
  • Portuguese: Ouro
  • Spanish: Oro
  • Swedish: Guld
  • Bon jour!

    The atomic structure of Gold

    graphic of Gold's shell model 

    That is how the element Gold would look like if you looked at it using a microscope! (Just kidding! you need an electron microscope to see this!

    => the black dots are gold’s electrons

    => and it has 79 protons and118 neutrons!

    Do you want to know more about Au’s structure?

    Here you go…

  • Atomic Radius: 1.79Å
  • Atomic Volume: 10.2cm3/mol
  • Covalent Radius: 1.34Å
  • Cross Section (Thermal Neutron Capture)σa/barns: 98.7
  • Crystal Structure: Cubic face centered
  • Electron Configuration:
    1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d10 6s1
  • Electrons per Energy Level: 2,8,18,32,18,1
  •  

    Interesting, huh?

    Myths about gold

    So deep is the human’s love for gold that almost every culture has a myth related to gold. Some of the most famous ones follow…read on to go througha journey of the oneand only Gold!

    Blackbeard’s Gold
    According to legend, Blackbeard, a pirate who prowled the oceans in the early 1700s, buried a large treasure that included vast amounts of gold. Historians doubt the truth of this story (obviously because they could not find it!)

                   

    El Dorado
    Beyond the normal greed and racism that drove the Spanish Conquistadors to commit the acts they did in the new world, was the search for the legendary City of Gold, El Dorado.  By the middle of the 1500s they had pillaged and plundered all the way to Western New Mexico.
    The Spanish Conquistadors searched for the legendary City of Gold, El Dorado. In the 1500s, they searched for the city, expecting to find it with each exploration, then changing its location to drive their men into new regions. In the end, instead of the City of Gold they found that they were in Western New Mexico.
     
                    
     
     
     

     

    King Midas and the Golden Touch
    The Greek and Roman Myth of Midas is about a king (Midas) who wished everything he touched would turn to gold but when Dionysus granted the wish, Midas soon saw the foolishness of his wish (his daughter turned to gold and so did his food and water) and asked Dionysus to release him the curse. To do so, Dionysus had Midas wash in the Pactolus River (in modern day Turkey). This is the mythological source of the real gold present in the river.

                     <–That is a picture of Midas touching a flower and making it turn to gold.

     But these are just myths (blame the mythologist to come up with such things!)

    Amazing facts about you-know-what!

    Twenty-Four-Karat Gold is not pure gold since there is a small amount of copper in it. Absolutely pure gold is so soft that it can be molded with the hands.

    A three inch cube of gold can be hammered so thin it could cover an acre of gold! Imagine, you could have gold flooring in your own home if you just get a three inch cube of gold from any jewellry shop.

     

    Did you know that if you are rich enough, you can even get a gold car! 

     

    This is an actual pure gold car! Did you really think I was lying?!

    The oldest gold jewellry that was used by man is dated to 3500 BC.

    An ounce of gold could be drawn into a wire that would be 3 miles long!

    You could have ancient egyptian gold in your filling! At least 15% of annual gold consumption is recycled each year.

    Gold can be used in food! Gold leaf, flake or dust is used on and in some gourmet foods, notably sweets and drinks as decorative ingredient! Can you belive it! You can practically eat gold!!! (I am sorry I could not get a picture of it but it is true. Really!)

    Wanna know Gold’s boiling point? It is 2807 degrees Celsius! That means if you put Aurum in a 2807 degrees room, it will boil!

    Jokes of Good ol’ Gold!

    Actually before we start of with jokes about gold we decided to add a few about school!                    

     Enjoy, classmates!

    Teacher: When you yawn, you’re supposed to put your hand to your mouth !
    Pupil: What! And get bitten?
     
    Teacher: You aren’t paying attention to me. Are you having trouble hearing ?
    Pupil: No, teacher I’m having trouble listening !
     
    Why were you late ?
    Sorry, teacher, I overslept.
    You mean you need to sleep at home too !
     
    Teacher: Class, we will have only half a day of school this morning.
    Class: Hooray!

    Teacher: And we will have the other half this afternoon!
     
    Teacher: You missed school yesterday didn’t you ?
    Pupil: Not very much!
     
    Pupil (on phone) : My son has a bad cold and won’t be able to come to school today.
    School Secretary: Who is this ?
    Pupil: This is my father speaking!
     
    Father: How do you like going to school ?
    Son: The going bit is fine and so is the coming home bit too, but I’m not too keen on the time 
    inbetween!

    Did you like them?

    Ok, now we move onto jokes about gold…

    Miner 1 : We should get home, it is almost 5:00.    Miner 2:  So?              Miner 1: 5:00 is the gold rush hour!                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

    ————————————————————————-

    Miner 1 : I found a gold nugget. Miner 2 : No you didn’t,that’s a chicken nugget! 

    ————————————————————————

    Q : Why are miners in such good shape? A : They rush to find the gold.

    ———————————————————————–

    Miner 1 : Do you know why it is so breezy today?  Miner 2 : Yeah! I’m fanning for gold!

    ———————————————————————–

    Lady 1 : Look at my new gold necklace!           Lady 2 : Nice! Is it real gold?   Lady 1 : Well, it must be or else I just got cheated out of 1 dollar!

    ———————————————————————–

    Hide the gold

     A prisoner in jail receives a letter from his wife.
    “I have decided to plant some lettuce in the back garden. When is the best time to plant it?”
    The prisoner, knowing that the prison guards read all the mail, replied in a letter, “Dear wife, whatever you do, do not touch the back garden. That is where I hid all the gold.”

    A week or so later, he received another letter from his wife. “You wouldn’t believe what happened, some men came with shovels to the house, and dug up the back garden!”
    The prisoner wrote another letter: “Dear wife, now is the best time to plant the lettuce.”Hid the gold
     

     

     

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     

    Uses of gold

    Gold has so many uses, I have no idea where to start.

    Well let’s start with one of all the ladies’ favorites… Jewellery!

    One of gold’s isotopes is used to cure cancer.

    Pure gold is also used for money.

    Gold can be made into thread and used for embroidery. Imagine, you could get a dress decorated with gold! Just ask Rumpelstiltskin!

    Gold is used in the industrial world as well. It is a highly efficient conductor which does not corrode at all. I mean, who would want a coin that corrodes after a while?

    What metal is used to make the crown worn by a king? Gold! This metal is selected for use because gold it is THE metal of highest esteem. It would make no sense to make a king’s crown out of steel – even though steel is the strongest metal. Gold is chosen for use in a king’s crown because IT is the metal associated with HIGHEST esteem and status.

    Gold has many uses in the production of glass.  A small amount of gold is suspended in the glass and when it is heated or cooled it produces a rich ruby color.

    General

    Here is the general description of the element, Gold:

    Symbol: Au

    Latin name: Aurum

    Meaning of Latin name: Aurum means ‘shining dawn’.

    Type: Transition metal

    Group: 11

    Period: 6